JKBOSE 9th Class English Grammar verbs   

JKBOSE 9th Class English Grammar verbs

JKBOSE 9th Class English Grammar verbs

Jammu & Kashmir State Board JKBOSE 9th Class English Grammar

Jammu & Kashmir State Board class 9th English Grammar

J&K State Board class 9 English Grammar

1. A Verb is a word that tells us something about some person or thing.
A verb is the most important word in a sentence. It may tell us—
(1) what a person or thing does; as,
Hari laughs.            The clock strikes.
(2) what is done to a person or thing; as,
Hari is scolded. The window is broken.
(3) what a person or thing is; as,
The cat is dead.         Glass is brittle.
2. A verb often consists of more than one word; as, 
The girls were singing.
I have learnt my lesson.
The watch has been found.
3. Kinds of Verb: Verbs are subdivided into three main classes :
1. Transitive
2. Intransitive
3. Auxiliary.
4. A verb is Transitive if the action does not stop with the agent (doer or Subject), but passes over from the agent to an Object. [Transitive means passing over.] 
The boy killed a snake.
The action denoted by the verb killed passes over from the doer or Subject (boy) to some Object (snake). The verb killed is, therefore, a Transitive Verb.
5. A verb is Intransitive if the action stops with the agent (doer or Subject), and does not pass over to Object. [Intransitive means not passing over.] 
The sun shines.
The action denoted by the verb shines stops with the doer or Subject (sun) and does not pass over to an Object. The everb s shines is, therefore, an Intransitive Verb.
An Intransitive Verb may denote an action, or express a state or being.
He ran very fast.                             (Action)
The baby sleeps.                            (State)
There is a flaw in the diamond.     (Being)
6. An Auxiliary Verb is one which (i) helps to form a tense or mood of some Principal Verb, and (ii) forgoes its own signification as a Principal Verb for that purpose.
I have come from home today.
Here have forgoes its own signification possession’in order to help the Principal or non-Auxiliary Verb come to form a Present Perfect Tense.
7. Most Transitive Verbs take a single object. But some Transitive Verbs (such as give, ask, offer, promise, tell, etc.) take two objects after them, one of which is called the Direct Object and the other the Indirect Object. on the of The Indirect Object denotes the person to whom something is given or for whom something is done and the Direct Object is usually the name of some person or thing.
The Indirect Object always stands first.
His father gave him (Indirect) a rupee    (Direct).
He told me (Indirect) a secret                 (Direct).
I forgave him (Indirect) his fault             (Direct).
If the Indirect Object is placed after the Direct, it must be preceded by the preposition for or to.
He taught English (Direct) to his son (Indirect). Lede My uncle sent this pen (Direct) for me (Indirect). at da efT She gave that book (Direct) to her brother (Indirect).

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